How does an Effluent Treatment Plant Work?
Effluent treatment plants are used in industries to purify the wastewater before releasing it into the environment. Governments are placing strict laws to make sure that industries are equipping with good water treatment plants to reduce water pollution. Before getting an effluent treatment plant, it might be a good idea to know how does an effluent treatment plant work.
As the industrial revolution took place, the rate of wastewater production soared. The bacteria present in the water couldn’t decompose the tons of waste that were being released into the water bodies.
As a result, the water quality dropped and hundreds of people started getting water-borne diseases and heavy metal poisoning by drinking this water. This is why; it is of utmost importance to run industrial wastewater through ETP before releasing them into water bodies.
Uses of Effluent Treatment Plant
An ETP plant supplier in Bangladesh can help you equip your industry with the best effluent treatment plant. These plants are capable of removing many harmful organic and non-organic waste materials from the water. Industrial water is usually crawling with chemicals and dumping it into water bodies will severely decrease their water quality.
The bacteria and microorganisms present in the water bodies cannot deal with a large amount of toxic and harmful chemicals present in the wastewater. The government is enforcing laws to make sure no industry releases wastewater into water bodies without letting it pass through an effluent treatment plant first.
A large amount of chemicals from untreated wastewater renders the water of rivers and canals undrinkable. Drinking this contaminated water can create health hazards on a large scale. Fishes also die in this chemical-filled water. It is your moral duty to the environment and people to not disrupt the natural order of life.
An ETP plant supply company in Bangladesh can help you come up with a budget to build the perfect effluent treatment plant for your industry. If you approve of the plan, the company will start putting the plan into action and build you the most effective plan. This plant will eliminate all the waste materials from the water and you’d be able to release safe water into the water bodies.
How does an effluent treatment plant work?
You might have heard praises of the effluent treatment plant and how important it is. It might have made you wonder, but how does an effluent treatment plant work?
These plants work in several steps to ensure the harmful elements are removed from the water. The plant is also planned in a way that makes sure the separated waste doesn’t burden the environment and is managed properly.
Mostly two stages are strictly followed to clean the wastewater of an industry. In the first or primary stage, most of the solid waste gets removed from the water. In the last stage, the water gets more finely cleaned, so it can be safely released into the environment.
This water is commonly released into water bodies that are the source of drinking water for many people. This is why, it is important to clean the wastewater, so your industry doesn’t create a health hazard.
Effluent treatment plant manufacturers will run a thorough test of the wastewater that your factory produces. Their experts will then decide on the machinery and chemicals that would be needed to purify the water to a safe level. The plant will need to be maintained every once in a while to make sure everything is in perfect working order.
First Stage of Effluent Treatment
In an effluent treatment plant, the first stage is to remove the solid waste from the wastewater. For this purpose, screens are used that can separate large waste material from the water. Different sized screens are used to better get solid waste out of the water. If this step isn’t properly done, the large waste materials may get the machine clogged in the next steps.
In the next step, the water is moved to a grit chamber. This chamber is capable of removing grit, sand, and other small solid waste materials from the water.
Here, heavier waste materials sink and the wastewater passes to the next step. Grit chambers may be installed in several sizes to help clean more grit out of the wastewater. This step further rids the water of heavy materials to get it fine cleaned.
To get more solid waste removed from the water, the wastewater is put through a sedimentation tank. Solid waste sinks to the bottom of this tank and the wastewater gets almost clear of solid waste materials.
This water is still not qualified to be released into water bodies. To get that task done, the water is moved to the next stage of effluent treatment.
Final Stage of Effluent Treatment
This stage of the plant is designed to remove organic waste materials that are mixed in with the wastewater. It is capable of removing most of the waste from the water. It can be done by a trickling filter process. In this process, the water is pushed into an area with stones where bacteria grow. These bacteria break down the waste in the water and purify it.
After the trickling filter, the water may be pushed back into another sediment tank to further rid it of the waste. Many factories use an activated sludge process.
In this process, wastewater is mixed with activated sludge that is crawling with bacteria that are capable of breaking down the waste materials present in the water.
After the activated sludge process, the water is pushed again through a sedimentation tank.
In the final step, the wastewater may be exposed to chlorine of ultraviolet rays that are capable of killing off the bacteria present in the water. This step also gets rid of all unpleasant smells from the water.
After this step, the water is safe to release in the water bodies without harming the environment. This is how we can keep water quality intact and protect lives that thrive in freshwater.
What kind of Effluent Treatment Plant should you get?
The ETP plant you get should be well-planned by an expert. To have that done, the waste your industry produces should be assessed properly to learn what contaminants have to be removed.
The plant you get should at least eliminate all the common impurities present in it. You should also keep in mind the amount of effluent your factory produces and make sure the plant is capable of dealing with it.
To have better ideas about the machinery, you can discuss the procedure with an effluent treatment plant (ETP) manufacturer in Bangladesh. These plants need a large budget to build and you have a right to know exactly what you are investing so much of your money in.
These companies have experts who will explain things to you so that together you can get the best plan made and proceed to build a plant that can treat the wastewater of your industry.
An ETP manufacturer in Bangladesh can give you an estimate of how much money you would need to build the perfect effluent treatment plant.
It’d help you formulate a budget for getting the most effective plant that can purify the wastewater in your industry. You should not try to get it cheaply done because the poorly treated effluent will harm the environment greatly.
You can contact Green Dot Limited if you want to know more about effluent treatment plants. Their customer service providers are dedicated to helping you with any query you might have.
You should get them to do a test on the wastewater in your industry and come up with an effluent treatment plant that will clean the water and keep the environmental balance.